The class introduces the required skills to design relevant geometries of bearing systems. The focus is placed on the conceptual exploration of rich, diverse potentials rather than on the analytical sizing of a given problem. Hand-controlled methods and computational tools are presented. Strategies to rapidly take key decisions are described.
The following content is delivered: - Introduction to the value of structural geometry towards the architectural project; - Introduction to the role of design assumptions in engineering; - Strategies for selecting and transforming bearing systems; - Principles of physical models; - Formal explorations using graphic statics and force paths; - Introduction to form-finding tools; - Historical illustrations of interactive design.
At the end of the semester, students must be able to: - Choose and select a structural solution that is relevant to given architectural, technical and environmental contexts; - Sketch a wide diversity of structural forms that originally address specific issues; - Determine the geometric degrees of freedom in a given structural typology; - Use a computational tool for graphical parameterization; - Identify structural solutions that require less material for construction; - Modify a structural solution to enhance its mechanical behavior.
The class is punctuated by four mini design projects: (1) selection and transformation of structural typologies and geometries; (2) exploration through physical models; (3) manual generation through graphic statics; and (4) computational generation through graphic statics.